Housing Programs and Rehabilitation
The City of Tampa's housing programs in FY99 will build on past successes in obtaining the goal of decent and affordable housing for all citizens. The Mayor's Challenge Fund Partnership is the driving force behind Tampa's success in providing affordable housing opportunities. The partnership consists of banks, credit unions, businesses, non-profit agencies and the City. Its strength lies in the lending capacity of the banks and credit unions, combined with the dedication of the non-profits and the leveraging capability of the public sector.
The Community Redevelopment Agency is responsible for the implementation of the City's affordable housing programs. These programs are designed to assist residents with housing repair, to preserve the City's housing stock and to provide first-time homeownership opportunities through rehabilitated and newly constructed homes. The programs combine various financing tools from federal and state housing agencies along with conventional loans from the Mayor's Challenge Fund Partnership.
Housing and development activities in FY99 will concentrate on the construction of affordable housing subdivisions, infill construction and housing improvement with the Neighborhood Action Team (NAT). The Mayor's Heights Program will focus business and housing development efforts in the Tampa Heights area.
Funding from federal and state housing programs in FY99 is $10.2 million. The federal Community Development Block Grant and HOME programs will provide $6.1 and $2.2 million respectively. In addition, the City will receive $1.8 million from the State Housing Initiatives Partnerships (SHIP), $1.6 million in Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS and $120,000 for the Emergency Shelter Grant Program.
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Housing Unit Summary for FY98
Mayor's Challenge Fund Partnership
The Mayor's Challenge Fund Partnership is a cooperative effort among the City, lending institutions and non-profit agencies to increase the quality and number of affordable housing units in the City of Tampa. The primary objectives of the partnership are to encourage homeowners to repair their existing homes, to encourage homebuyers to buy within the city limits of Tampa and to encourage the rehabilitation of multi-family housing.
The City coordinates the program, provides loan processing, subsidized down payment assistance, loan guarantees and monitors the construction process. The lenders provide relaxed underwriting guidelines and below market interest rates. The non-profit agencies provide a bridge to Tampa's local neighborhoods and residents, to those who might not otherwise take advantage of homeownership through housing counseling, loan packaging, construction and marketing.
The non-profit participants involved in the Mayor's Challenge Fund are:
COACH Foundation - assists first-time homebuyers in purchasing affordable housing.
Corporation to Development Communities of Tampa - develops new residential housing for first-time homebuyers.
Housing by St. Laurence - develops new residential subdivisions for first-time homebuyers.
Tampa-Hillsborough Action Plan - provides a range of affordable housing, construction and marketing services, and operates the Neighborhood Action Team.
Tampa United Methodist Centers - develops and markets rehabilitated and newly constructed homes and provides counseling to first-time homebuyers.
Tampa Preservation Inc. - renovates and constructs historically compatible homes in the Tampa Heights area and markets the Mayor's Heights Program.
With participation of these non-profits, the Mayor's Challenge Fund and the Tampa Housing Partnership have provided a solid foundation for increasing the opportunities to the citizens of Tampa for affordable and decent housing.
The affordable housing goals of the City and the Tampa Housing Partnership for FY99 are as follows:
John J. Gunther Blue Ribbon "Best Practices" Award
The City of Tampa was again selected to receive a "Best Practices" award by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as a local government that is doing the best job of administering HUD-funded programs to expand the supply of affordable housing, create jobs, strengthen the local economy, fight housing discrimination, reduce homelessness, increase homeownership and accomplish other goals to improve America's communities.
HUD recognized Tampa as one of only two hundred seventy-seven communities in the nation that are doing an excellent job of working in partnership with HUD and serving as a national model. This award for outstanding management of programs funded by HUD is an effort by HUD to help localities to implement successful programs of their own by applying strategies that have proven successful in other communities.
Tampa Housing Authority (THA)
In FY99, the City will allocate $532,000 in CDBG funds for the Tampa Housing Authority to be used in conjunction with the HOPE VI program. The HOPE VI program was awarded to the housing authority in FY98 in the amount of $35 million. The HOPE VI program is a comprehensive undertaking involving the revitalization of public housing. This program will involve the demolition of dilapidated subsidized housing, the construction of new affordable single and multi-family housing, development of commercial and entrepreneurial enterprises and job placement training.
Beginning in FY95, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development instituted the Consolidated Planning process where local jurisdictions submit their federal grant entitlement programs under one combined application process. This process encompasses the Community Development Block Grant, HOME Investment Partnerships Program, Emergency Shelter Grant Program and Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS. In FY98, the City submitted its second Consolidated Plan for the 1998-2002 period describing priority needs and community goals with funding objectives for the next five fiscal years.
The Consolidated Planning process involves several public hearings to receive citizen input on community needs, research analysis of community statistical data and outside agency and City department program requests in order for the community to formulate priority needs and objectives. The advantage of this comprehensive approach is that all of the housing and community development needs are reviewed together. Then, the various grant programs are tailored to meet this array of community needs.
Incorporated into the Consolidated Plan (1998-2002) is the City's annual "One Year Action Plan" to provide funding allocations for specific projects and activities that are derived from the consolidated planning process. In FY99, the City will continue to concentrate its efforts on housing rehabilitation, infrastructure improvements, park and recreational facilities, public service providers throughout the City, and other activities considered essential to the comprehensive revitalization of neighborhoods. These various programs and services will be directed toward the benefit of low and moderate income families and neighborhoods and aid in the reduction of slum and blight conditions.
In FY98, HUD released a new generation of community planning software called Comm2020. This new software enables local and state governments, as well as their citizens to quickly see and understand information about their communities, and to plan HUD projects. This newly revised software was utilized in preparing the annual One Year Action Plan for FY99.
Federal Housing Programs
In 1990, the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act established the HOME Investment Partnerships Program and the Housing of People Everywhere (HOPE 3) Program. These programs emphasize the development of public-private partnerships in the housing delivery system and commitment of local resources to secure and supplement grant funds.
The HOME program is a grant entitlement housing program designed as a partnership among federal and local governments and those in the for-profit and non-profit sectors who build, sponsor, develop and manage low-income affordable housing activities. Funds under the HOME program may be used for acquisition and new construction, rehabilitation of existing housing stock and multi-family housing development.
The HOPE 3 program was designed to create homeownership opportunities for low and moderate income families utilizing the inventory of government-owned properties available from the Federal Home Administration and Veterans Administration. The City of Tampa, in conjunction with the Tampa United Methodist Centers (TUMC), was awarded the three largest competitive HOPE 3 grants in the United States, totaling $8 million. The HOPE 3 properties are acquired by TUMC to be rehabilitated and marketed to first-time homebuyers.
With completion of this program in FY99, the HOPE 3 program has been extremely successful with the City and TUMC rehabilitating over 350 vacant structures to provide homeownership opportunities for first-time homebuyers.
State Housing Initiatives Partnership (SHIP) Program
The State Housing Initiatives Partnership Program was created by the Florida Legislature with passage of the William E. Sadowski Affordable Housing Bill of 1992.
The SHIP program provides funding from a portion of the documentary stamp tax levied on real estate transactions. The SHIP program allows flexibility by local governments to determine which housing initiatives will best serve their communities and residents.
Some of the activities provided under the City's SHIP program include down payment assistance for first-time homebuyers, loan guarantees on below market interest loans, homeowner rehabilitation assistance, and new construction and housing development.
With federal programs emphasizing the development of local partnerships and matching commitments, the annual allocation of SHIP funds will allow the City maximum leverage of those federal dollars, providing greater flexibility in the housing program delivery.
Through the utilization of federal and state housing funds, the City has implemented several programs that have allowed considerable expansion of our housing stock. These programs include infill construction and subdivision development creating affordable homes for first-time homebuyers. Subdivisions currently under construction to provide 84 new housing units include:
Manors at Manhattan - a 33 home subdivision located at South Manhattan Avenue near Interbay.
Oak Haven - a 23 unit subdivision located on Rolling Hammock Place near Hanna and 40th Street.
Rivercrest - an 11 home subdivision located south of Busch Boulevard near Busch Gardens.
Tampa Bay Boulevard and MacDill - a 17 unit subdivision near Raymond James Stadium.
Neighborhood Action Team (NAT)
The Neighborhood Action Team is a joint venture between the City of Tampa, Tampa-Hillsborough Action Team (THAP), and the Department of Corrections. Utilizing inmates on work release, the NAT Team provides home repair and yard clean-up assistance to residents who have been cited for code violations. The City provides CDBG funds to cover THAP's administrative overhead and State SHIP monies to cover the cost of materials and repairs.
For their successful efforts, the NAT Team was recently recognized by the local Suncoast Chapter of the American Society for Public Administration, receiving the annual Public Management Innovation Award for 1998.
In providing the award, the Suncoast Chapter gave special merit to the NAT Team in the following areas:
Significant Cooperation - utilizing the joint resources of three separate organizations to achieve a successful outcome.
Management Innovation - utilizing inmate personnel to assist homeowners in need while providing work experience and skills training to inmates.
Cost Savings - with a substantial reduction in labor costs and donated materials, a greater number of residents have been served than would otherwise be feasible.
Increased Program Effectiveness - enhancing the City's ability to respond to homeowner's need for assistance while improving compliance with housing codes and stabilizing housing conditions.
Emergency Shelter Grant
The Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act makes federal funds available to assist communities in coping with the needs of the homeless population. Tampa will again be awarded an Emergency Shelter Grant for FY99 totaling $191,000. The grant will be used to assist five homeless assistance providers. They are:
The funding allocations were recommended by the Hillsborough County Homeless Coalition.
Housing Opportunities for Persons With AIDS (HOPWA)
The HOPWA program is a specialized federal grant used to provide affordable housing and supportive services to low income persons with HIV/AIDS or related diseases. HOPWA funds are being distributed among Hillsborough, Pinellas, Hernando and Pasco Counties with the City of Tampa as grant administrator. FY99 program funds in the amount of $1.5 million will be used to acquire, expand and support approximately 150 housing units and provide housing information, rental assistance, and other supportive services to more than 3,000 persons with AIDS and their families.
Service providers including Tampa AIDS Network, Tampa Housing Authority, Francis House, Inc., The Family Enrichment Center, Inc., Catholic Charities, Inc., The Harbor Behavioral Institute, and Pasco Housing Authority are sharing the FY99 grant to provide affordable housing opportunities and supportive services to HIV/AID patients and their families.