Mitigation includes any activities that prevent an emergency, reduce the chance of an emergency happening, or lessen the damaging effects of unavoidable emergencies. Investing in preventive mitigation steps now such as strengthening unreinforced masonry to withstand wind and flooding and installing shutters on every window will help reduce the impact of hurricanes in the future.
To withstand the forces of wind and water associated with severe weather, there are five major considerations:
Mitigation is defined as sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from hazards and their effects. This definition distinguishes actions that have long-term impact from those that are more closely associated with preparedness for, immediate response to and short-term recovery from a specific event. The intent is to focus on actions that produce repetitive benefits over time, not on those actions that might be considered emergency planning or emergency services.
The rationale for mitigation is simple: it makes sense.