Mitigation includes any activities that prevent an emergency, reduce the chance of an
emergency happening, or lessen the damaging effects of unavoidable emergencies. Investing
in preventive mitigation steps now such as strengthening unreinforced masonry to withstand
wind and flooding and installing shutters on every window will help reduce the impact of
hurricanes in the future.
To withstand the forces of wind and water associated with severe weather, there are
five major considerations:
- Elevation. Elevation of the first floor must be above the added height of the storm
surge plus tide values;
- Gabled Roofs. If your roof is gabled, you need braces attaching the trusses or rafters
at each end to the other truss. Also, make sure that there is wood sheathing (planks or
plywood) behind stucco of the triangular gable end walls.
- Garage Doors. Garage doors should have steel bracing. If yours does not, you can attach
wooden 2"x6" stiffeners running the full width of the door approximately
- Window Protection. Cover all windows, French doors, sliding glass doors and skylights
hurricane because the doors and windows are the weakest places on your house. If these
fail, the wind can rip off the roof and cause walls to collapse. Even if the structure
remains intact, the wind can scour the interior and wreck the contents. Storm panels or
shutters can significantly reduce damages.
- Safe Room. Identify a safe room in your home and reinforce it as necessary.