The body requires a constant supply of oxygen to survive, which itgets through the act of breathing. Breathing is the effortless process of bringing oxygeninto the body and expelling carbon dioxide.
Oxygen in the air is transferred to the blood through the lungs. Theheart then pumps the newly oxygenated blood to every cell in the body, which needs theoxygen to survive. The cells of the human body can not live long without oxygen. If aperson should stop breathing, the heart would eventually stop beating. When the heartstops beating, the oxygen will not be supplied to the cells, and within ten minutes, thecells of the brain will start to die. Once enough cells die, the human body can no longersurvive.
There are many types of breathing emergencies. Recognizing thecharacteristic of breathing emergencies and giving immediate care can prevent a moreserious situation.
Indications of Breathing Emergencies
- Breathing is unusually fast or slow.
- Breathing is unusually deep or shallow
- Victim is gasping for air
- Victim is wheezing, gurgling, or making high pitched noises
- Victim feels short of breath
- Victim has skin that is flushed, pale or bluish in appearance
- Victim feels dizzy or light-headed
- Victim feels pain in the chest or tingling in hands or legs.